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Tramal 100mg Injection 1amp(5) is a synthetic opioid analog that produces pain suppression at the Central Nervous System (CNS) level. Tramal 100mg Injection 1amp(5) is clinically prescribed to reduce moderate to severe pain in adults. It modifies the pain perception and response in the brain by acting as an agonist to the opioid receptors involved in analgesia.
Tramal 100mg Injection 1amp(5) is also known to act as a serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SNRI) which makes it a potential agent to cause withdrawal symptoms in those who stop using it abruptly. This means that it also has anxiolytic and antidepressant effects to some extent so that Tramal 100mg Injection 1amp(5) is an effective drug to be given to individuals who are suffering from depression and anxiety associated with pain.
Long-term use of Tramal 100mg Injection 1amp(5) is associated with addiction that can lead to overdose and toxicity, especially when it is used along with other opioid analgesics and antidepressants. There is also a risk of serious breathing problems along with sleep apnea. That’s why the usual practice is to initiate the therapy with the least possible dose for the shortest possible time.
Tramal 100mg Injection 1amp(5) also acts on certain pain modulators and inflammatory markers. This suggests that Tramal 100mg Injection 1amp(5) has a broad spectrum of acting as a potent pain-killer which is why it is an effective supportive therapy in the management of neuropathic pain, osteoarthritic pain, fibromyalgia (muscular pain that involves whole-body), back pain, labor & post-operative pain, and pain associated with tumors.
Tramal 100mg Injection 1amp(5) is indicated for managing moderate to severe pain in adults which could be chronic to severe. The extended-release formulation of Tramal 100mg Injection 1amp(5) is used for long-term pain management. However, an immediate-release form is given for short-term pain management.
How Does Tramal 100mg Injection 1amp(5) Work
Tramal 100mg Injection 1amp(5) produces inhibitory effects on the ascending pain pathways by binding to the opioid mu receptors partially (agonistic effect) at the CNS level. Tramal 100mg Injection 1amp(5) also weakly inhibits serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake. These neurotransmitters are involved in descending pain perception and Tramal 100mg Injection 1amp(5) makes them available to produce descending pain modulation. This way, Tramal 100mg Injection 1amp(5) works in synergism with the central nervous system for the modulation of pain perception and response.
Tramal 100mg Injection 1amp(5) also produces analgesic effects by affecting other pain modulators in the CNS and markers of the inflammation involved in immune responses such as Prostaglandins E2, Cytokines, and Glial cells. This action aids in multiple clinical manifestations which require pain management as a supportive treatment such as osteoarthritis, labor, and postoperative pain.
How To Use Tramal 100mg Injection 1amp(5)
Tramal 100mg Injection 1amp(5) is a solution for injection that can be administered through IM (Intramuscularly) route or by slow IV (slow intravenous injection). It can also be diluted in solution to get administered for the patient-controlled analgesic effect. Intravenous injection of Tramal 100mg Injection 1amp(5) should be administered slowly over 2 to 3 minutes.
Form and strength:
100mg injection (100mg/2ml)
It is recommended to select the lowest effective dose which may initiate analgesia. The dose should not be exceeded more than 400mg in a day.
The usual dose is 50 or 100mg given at 6 hours of intervals (4 times a day), IM, IV, IV infusion.
The initial dose for postoperative pain is 100mg, administered IV. A further 50mg is given after every 10 to 20 minutes within one hour of administration of the initial dose. This dosing procedure is continued until the total dose of 250mg is delivered to the patient’s bloodstream. Then the usual dosing schedule of 50 or 100mg is started 6 hourly until the desired response is achieved.
Tramal 100mg Injection 1amp(5) should not be given to children below 12 years of age.
Tramal 100mg Injection 1amp(5) is contraindicated to be used in pregnancy as it may cause withdrawal symptoms in the neonate. It may also cause respiratory depression in infants if administered to the mother during labor. Tramal 100mg Injection 1amp(5) should not be taken by breastfeeding mothers as well as its active metabolite releases in breast milk and may harm the neonate.
The use of Tramal 100mg Injection 1amp(5) is contraindicated in the following scenarios:
If you are sensitive to opioids, the active ingredients, the excipients used in the formulation of Tramal 100mg Injection 1amp(5).
If you have known or suspected obstruction in the GI tract which may or may not be associated with gastrointestinal bleeding.
If you are taking Monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs) such as Isocarboxazid and Phenelzine, or have taken them in the last 14 days.
Children under 12 years of age or children under 18 years of age who have undergone surgery for the removal of tonsils or adenoids.
Severe or acute bronchial asthma, breathing problems, or respiratory depression.
Tramal 100mg Injection 1amp(5) should be taken with caution under the following circumstances:
Taking higher doses than recommended increases the risk of seizures, especially in people who are on opioids or antidepressants.
Tramal 100mg Injection 1amp(5) should be avoided in individuals who have suicidal tendencies or are prone to addiction.
Tramal 100mg Injection 1amp(5) is known to develop an addiction. Its misuse may be fatal due to urge, leading to overdose and ultimately death due to respiratory depression.
Newborns may suffer from life-threatening withdrawal symptoms if Tramal 100mg Injection 1amp(5) is administered during pregnancy.
Intake of alcohol during the treatment with Tramal 100mg Injection 1amp(5) enhances slow breathing rate and hence causes fatal side effects. So consumption of alcohol or other sedatives should be strictly avoided.
If you feel extreme fatigue, loss of appetite, abdominal pain accompanied by nausea and vomiting, and low blood pressure; you should talk to your doctor as this may suspect adrenal insufficiency.
Tramal 100mg Injection 1amp(5) can cause sleep-related breathing problems such as sleep apnea in which there is a breathing pause during sleep. It may also cause sleep hypoxemia in which the oxygen levels in the blood go low. If you feel symptoms like shortness of breath, waking up from a deep sleep due to a breathing problem, or disturbed sleeping patterns, you should immediately tell your doctor who might proceed with dose reduction or pause the treatment.
Tramal 100mg Injection 1amp(5) is known to interaction with some medications. Concomitant administration of them should be avoided:
Except for Alvimopan (compete for the receptor site), all other agents increase serotonin levels in the CNS and hence may put the patient at risk of Serotonin Syndrome.
Other agents that should be avoided during the treatment with Tramal 100mg Injection 1amp(5) are:
Monoamine oxidase inhibitors (Phenelzine, Isocarboxazid)
Opioids (Buprenorphine, Nalbuphine)
Narcotics (Codeine, Morphine)
Benzodiazepines (Alprazolam, diazepam)
Tricyclic Antidepressants (Amitriptyline
Common Adverse Effects
Potential Adverse Effects
Tramal 100mg Injection 1amp(5) has the potential to cause:
Rapid breathing (to cope with shortness of breath)
Increased heart rate
Low blood pressure in the upright position
Respiratory depression in children
Withdrawal symptoms (anxiety, agitation, restlessness, tremor, and GI irritation)
Rare Adverse Effects
Slow heart rhythms
Tingling sensations on the skin
Dilation of Pupils and blurred vision
Allergic reactions such as angioedema and urticaria
Nightmares and sleep disturbances
How To Cope With Some Of The Adverse Effects
Constipation - Drink a good amount of water and consume a diet rich in fiber such as green leafy vegetables, bananas, and oranges. Exercise daily and start using mild laxatives at bedtime, which act as stool softeners.
Drowsiness - Avoid the usage of caffeine, alcohol, and drugs that make you feel drowsy. Lifting heavy machinery and driving should also be avoided until you get back to normal.
Sleep apnea - Do not sleep in a supine position (on your back). Instead, sleeping on one side f your body can help you breathe normally during sleep. Use a humidifier in your room to retain moisture in the air and have surroundings to breathe easily. This should be followed by smoking or tobacco cessation.
Dry Mouth - Drink lots of water to stay hydrated, avoid medications that may cause dry mouth, use a mouthwash that is free of alcohol, and take sugarless candies and gum to increase salivation.
Tramal 100mg Injection 1amp(5) starts producing an analgesic effect within one hour of swallowing.
The duration of action of Tramal 100mg Injection 1amp(5) is 9 hours.
You should not consume alcohol during or after a certain period of treatment as it may make you feel drowsy and enhance the chances of developing side effects such as breathing difficulty.
Tramal 100mg Injection 1amp(5) tends to develop withdrawal symptoms in you as it centrally acts on the nervous system. It would help if you did not stop using it abruptly or should not deviate from the dosing schedule set by the prescriber.
It should be avoided in pregnancy as it may develop withdrawal symptoms in the neonate.
There is a risk of exposure of the infant to serious side effects associated with the use of Tramal 100mg Injection 1amp(5). So it should not be given to a breastfeeding mother as its active metabolite is secreted in breast milk.
Withdrawal symptoms may appear after 2 to 24 hours of the last dose. If the withdrawal symptoms are left untreated, they may persist for about 4 to 10 days. You should not suddenly stop taking Tramal 100mg Injection 1amp(5) to avoid withdrawal symptoms.
Tramal 100mg Injection 1amp(5) can be stored at room temperature, below 30ºC. Protect it from direct sunlight and moisture.
Tramal 100mg Injection 1amp(5) is taken for pain management and usually taken once daily. But if you miss the dose, take it whenever you remember throughout the day.
The caregiver should look for breathing difficulties in case of overdose. Performing CPR (Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation) is helpful until the patient doesn’t get medical help. Naloxone is an active agent that reverses the effect of an opioid overdose. Medical practitioners give Naloxone as an antidote to Tramal 100mg Injection 1amp(5) toxicity.
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