Glucophage 1gm Tablet 10 'S belongs to a class of drugs called “hypoglycemics” (anti-diabetics) that are used to treat and prevent the risk of developing type 2 diabetes.
Type 2 diabetes, also known as non insulin-dependent diabetes, is a condition resulting from a combination of insulin resistance, i.e, body cells failing to respond properly to the insulin produced, inadequate insulin secretion, and excessive production of glucagon. Progression of the disease may lead to insulin deficiency. This causes hyperglycemia (high blood sugar levels)
This medicine is available in tablet (immediate and extended release form) and liquid form on prescription. It is prescribed to lower blood sugar levels, usually when diet and exercise fail to control it.
Dosage depends on the patients health, age, kidney function and liver function. Elderly, weak and malnourished patients should not be given the maximum dose of the product. It is advised to not give this product in patients with hepatic impairment (liver damage) and those with a low eGFR. (estimated glomerular filtration rate - a number based on creatinine levels in the blood indicating kidney functionality) In such a case dosage needs to be adjusted in accordance to the value obtained for eGFR.
Glucophage 1gm Tablet 10 'S is also known to be used in the treatment of PCOS (polycystic ovary syndrome - hormonal disorder common in women) by decreasing the insulin and blood sugar levels.
Common side effects of this medication are nausea, vomiting, stomach ache, loss of appetite and metallic taste.
It is prescribed to adult patients and children above 10 years of age.
Glucophage 1gm Tablet 10 'S can be used to treat:
It is an anti diabetic medication that works by decreasing the amount of sugar released into the blood by the liver, delaying sugar absorption from the intestines and increasing the body’s responsiveness to insulin.
It is better to take the medication with a meal to avoid side effects. Swallow the tablet whole with a glass of water.
Glucophage 1gm Tablet 10 'S comes as two different types of tablets:
If the side effects of the product in standard release form are intolerable, you will be advised to switch to slow release tablets
Prescribed to children 10 years or older:
Glucophage 1gm Tablet 10 'S is also available in liquid form for children and those who are unable to swallow whole tablets.
Form of Glucophage 1gm Tablet 10 'S and dosage is prescribed by the doctor depending on age, severity of disease and comorbidities.
Glucophage 1gm Tablet 10 'S is usually safe to take during pregnancy or while breastfeeding but please consult your doctor before using the Glucophage 1gm Tablet 10 'S if you are pregnant, planning to conceive or breast feeding.
It should be avoided in elderly, debilitated, malnourished patients.
Please inform your doctor if you have a history of any before using Glucophage 1gm Tablet 10 'S:
You may have to discontinue the use of the product if you need to have:
Please tell your doctor about any of the following conditions while using Glucophage 1gm Tablet 10 'S:
It is essential to note that with patients being on anti-diabetic medicines or on insulin, a good diet needs to be maintained to avoid hyperglycemic (increase in blood sugar levels) or hypoglycemic (decrease in blood sugar levels) events
Please inform your doctor about the use of the following before taking Glucophage 1gm Tablet 10 'S:
Also, please inform your doctor about any other medication you might be taking to prevent any complications.
Like most medicines, Glucophage 1gm Tablet 10 'S has some side effects which include:
Serious but rare:
Inform your doctor immediately if you experience any of the serious side effects.
1. WHAT EXACTLY DOES Glucophage 1gm Tablet 10 'S DO?
People with type 2 diabetes fail to respond properly to the insulin produced,secrete inadequate insulin, or produce excessive glucagon. Glucophage 1gm Tablet 10 'S works by decreasing the amount of sugar released into the blood by the liver, delaying sugar absorption from the intestines and increasing the body’s responsiveness to insulin.
In PCOS (polycystic ovary syndrome - hormonal disorder common in women) it works by decreasing the insulin and blood sugar levels.
2. WHAT ARE THE BENEFITS OF TAKING Glucophage 1gm Tablet 10 'S?
It is one of the most common medicines given to patients suffering from type 2 diabetes because it not only lowers blood sugar levels but also improves HbA1c.
It can also delay the onset of type 2 diabetes in people.
One of the less common uses of Glucophage 1gm Tablet 10 'S is to treat PCOS (polycystic syndrome) by improving fertility in women and regulating their blood glucose levels.
3. IF I TAKE Glucophage 1gm Tablet 10 'S, CAN I STOP MY DIET AND EXERCISE?
It is essential to maintain a healthy diet and continue exercising while using Glucophage 1gm Tablet 10 'S as it works best in combination with both and also decreases the chances of severe side side effects.
4. DOES Glucophage 1gm Tablet 10 'S CAUSE WEIGHT LOSS?
It is known to cause weight loss in individuals taking Glucophage 1gm Tablet 10 'S most commonly in those who are overweight or obese. This does not mean that you should self prescribe this medicine to lose weight, instead consult your doctor.
5. IS IT NECESSARY TO TAKE Glucophage 1gm Tablet 10 'S WITH FOOD?
It is advised to take Glucophage 1gm Tablet 10 'S with or after meals to reduce side effects like, nausea, vomiting and diarrhoea.
6. CAN I DRINK ALCOHOL WHILE TAKING Glucophage 1gm Tablet 10 'S?
Avoid drinking alcohol while you are on Glucophage 1gm Tablet 10 'S as it can interfere with your treatment causing low blood sugar levels especially in aged patients and on occasions where you have skipped a meal.
7. HOW LONG WILL I HAVE TO TAKE Glucophage 1gm Tablet 10 'S FOR?
If you are taking Glucophage 1gm Tablet 10 'S in pre-diabetic condition or for PCOS (polycystic ovary syndrome), you will have to ask your doctor about how long you need to take it for. Whereas, if you are prescribed this medicine for type 2 diabetes, you will probably need to take it for the rest of your life.
8. WHAT IF I TAKE TOO MUCH OF Glucophage 1gm Tablet 10 'S?
An overdose of Glucophage 1gm Tablet 10 'S can cause serious side effects characterised by stomach ache, diarrhoea, difficulty breathing, weakness and unusual sleepiness. Contact your doctor immediately if you experience any of these signs.
9. WHAT IF I FORGET TO TAKE Glucophage 1gm Tablet 10 'S?
Incase you miss a dose, take your next dose on time and do not try making up for the missed dose by doubling it up. If it helps to remind you, set an alarm so you do not miss any dose.
10. SHOULD I STOP TAKING Glucophage 1gm Tablet 10 'S IF I AM UNWELL?
If you are dehydrated due to diarrhoea and vomiting, talk to your doctor. They might change your dosage or ask you to stop taking the medicine until you are better, depending on the severity of your condition.
11. WHAT IF Glucophage 1gm Tablet 10 'S IS NOT WORKING?
Type 2 diabetes is a progressive disease which means, in the long run, your body might start producing even less insulin than before and its ability to utilise the insulin produced could deteriorate as well. Hence, the dose of Glucophage 1gm Tablet 10 'S is usually increased over time to manage your blood glucose levels. At times, Glucophage 1gm Tablet 10 'S alone might not be effective and in that case your doctor will prescribe a combination of medicines so that your body is more reactive to it.
12. CAN I DRIVE OR RIDE A BIKE AFTER TAKING Glucophage 1gm Tablet 10 'S?
Glucophage 1gm Tablet 10 'S alone might not affect your ability to drive or ride a bike, but when given in combination with other medicines, it could result in low blood sugar levels resulting in loss of concentration. To be on the safe side, always carry fast acting carbohydrates (like sweets and juice) to prevent your body from going into a state of hypoglycemia (low blood sugar)
13. HOW SHOULD Glucophage 1gm Tablet 10 'S BE STORED?
Keep the medicine at room temperature in a cool, dry place, away from direct sunlight. Make sure to keep it away from pets, children and other people.